New understanding of the ways in which higher education contributes to economic and human development has strengthened the justification for investment in higher education in lower-income contexts in recent years. This, in turn, has prompted a wave of reform and revitalisation efforts within African higher education systems.

Credit: Anna Ridout/ Oxfam
This project considers cross-age peer tutoring on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools. Research suggests student partnerships in which an upper primary pupil is trained to work with a younger child to conduct structured reading sessions is one of the most powerful methods for raising achievement.
UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe
Researchers are examining how and why local peace-building efforts succeed in minimising violence in contexts where there are large new investments, focusing on the remote rural areas of Kenya and Sierra Leone, and its impacts on the poor in marginal rural areas.
Photo by Albert Gonzalez Farran - UNAMID
This research will inform understanding of the correlation that between the barriers of disability, and multidimensional poverty It must be recognised that in settings where everyone is poor, where few people access wage labour, where school attendance is paltry, healthcare access is limited and social protection is almost non-existent then disabled people are not necessarily very different from their neighbours.
A person is using a mobile phone to text
As more people connect to social media in Africa, expectations for real-time information pose new challenges concerning the flow of information related to security. This project explores the role social media plays in documenting and driving security in East and West Africa.
flickr.com/photos/aclu_socal
A comparative analysis of the challenges faced by those attempting to document torture and ill-treatment in LICs including the development of a survey technique for the documentation of torture and ill-treatment and policy recommendations.

Urban violence is an increasingly significant global phenomenon. Over the past few years, a conventional wisdom has emerged within policy and research circles associating it with four key factors: poverty; youthful populations; the failure to consider women’s safety as a specific concern; and the local-level absence of the state. Taken together, these different factors have underpinned a range of policy interventions in a variety of contexts.

Despite infrastructure being the dominant expenditure category of most governments in the developing world (as well of multilateral and bilateral development organisations), we have a very limited understanding of whether and how infrastructure investments affect poverty and development. Two projects focused on India and East Africa will attempt to fill this key gap in our knowledge.

flickr.com/photos/sblackley/
Focusing on the ‘food crisis’ since 2007, this research examines right-to-food movements and riots over food prices in Bangladesh, India, Kenya and Mozambique and addresses the question, How can governments be made more accountable for ensuring access to food?

Suppliers in agri-food chains are required to comply with an ever-growing set of standards to secure market access. Many standards are ‘voluntary’ and have been developed and overseen by organisations from the private sector, sometimes working with non-governmental organisations (NGOs), to promote food safety and quality, good agricultural practice and labour standards.

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