The low level of numeracy skills of millions of poor and marginalised students, particularly in developing nations, is of international concern. This project focuses on improving these through developing teachers' and teacher trainers' pedagogical and assessment skills in extremely deprived urban areas in South Africa and Tanzania. Eighteen schools and three training colleges will be involved.

Advocacy at the community level, Tanzania.
This research is exploring practical ways in which citizens in low income countries can hold their local leaders to account for their performance in delivering basic services and in reducing poverty.
credit: Martin Prowse
This research evaluated the addition of gender-specific elements within existing contract farming operations in Malawi and Tanzania. It assessed whether gender-specific clauses increase the benefits smallholders and firms accrue from the relationship.
A person is using a mobile phone to text
As more people connect to social media in Africa, expectations for real-time information pose new challenges concerning the flow of information related to security. This project explores the role social media plays in documenting and driving security in East and West Africa.

'Getting to Zero' extreme poverty involves ensuring that the policies, institutions and politics are right for the poorest people to escape poverty. As the reduction in the global number of people in poverty illustrates, there are widespread stories of success. We know much about how, and why, some households escape poverty and others do not.

flickr.com/photos/mastababa
The project aimed to review the process for teachers and school managers to identify high ability children attending schools in slums of Dar es Salaam, in Tanzania and create an accurate/cost-efficient programme to enrich and accelerate learning.

Despite infrastructure being the dominant expenditure category of most governments in the developing world (as well of multilateral and bilateral development organisations), we have a very limited understanding of whether and how infrastructure investments affect poverty and development. Two projects focused on India and East Africa will attempt to fill this key gap in our knowledge.

US Aid: Morgana Wingard
The 18 month study involves the analysis of high quality data collected from Dar-es-Salaam, and a contrasting rural site, Mbeya to explore how poor women engaged in formal or informal employment activities outside the home describe the impact of their work on their roles and relationships.
Abandoned mining machinery
The rate of sectoral transformation from rural agrarian to urbanised mining economies requires time for policymakers to appreciate the developmental processes underway. This study focuses on economic, social and cultural changes associated with rapid and/or erratic rates of urban growth by mining expansion in Angola, Ghana and Tanzania.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/claudioaccheri https://flic.kr/p/oi8CCD Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Case studies in four cities with different legal traditions, Dar es Salaam, Ahmedabad, Durban and Dakar, draw on extensive interviews with street traders, local authorities and others, to contribute to improved policy development.

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