Many investors have responded to recent food price hikes and volatile oil prices by acquiring large tracts of African farmland as a new base from which to supply growing markets. In the process, land uses change and existing populations are often displaced. The livelihood impacts of such investments depend on the terms of land access and institutional arrangements or farming models that structure them. This research investigates three models:
This research evaluated the addition of gender-specific elements within existing contract farming operations in Malawi and Tanzania. It assessed whether gender-specific clauses increase the benefits smallholders and firms accrue from the relationship.