Building a brighter future: a randomized evaluation of slum-housing upgrading

Photo: Melissa Farlow/AURORA/UN ISDR/Flickr licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

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We use a controlled randomized trail to estimate the causal effects of a low-cost housing intervention on multiple dimensions of welfare in Latin America countries El Salvador and Peru. In both countries urban slums have grown rapidly in the last several decades as a consequence of extreme rural poverty and civil conflict. The intervention is the work of the NGO Un Techo Para Mi Pais (UTPMP), which in English is “A Roof for My Country.”

Specifically, we will test the hypotheses that providing improved housing:

  1. Improves the health status of beneficiary young children measured by maternal reports of diarrhea in the last four weeks, parasitic infestations in the fecal matter of young children, anthropometric statistics to measure stunting and wasting, anemia, and cognitive development.
  2. Improves household economic conditions of beneficiary households, including labor force participation, income, asset accumulation, and consumption.
  3. Increases beneficiary school attendance and studying.
  4. Improves beneficiary maternal well-being measured by depression, perceived stress, satisfaction with various aspects of life and dignity.
  5. Reduction in crime and improved sense of security.
  6. Improves the same outcomes of non-beneficiary households living in the beneficiary communities.
Primary theme: 
Grant Reference: 
ES/F026900/1
RES-167-25-0317
Project Status: 
Closed
Grant Category: 
Research Grant
Lead Organisation Department: 
Institute of Business and Economic Res
Fund Start Date: 
Tuesday, January 1, 2008
Fund End Date: 
Friday, December 31, 2010
Fund Currency Code: 
GBP
Fund Value: 
261146
education
General-Well-Being
health
housing
human-development
labour
low-cost-housing
pre-fabricated-house
security-and-crime
slum-housing-upgrading
slums
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Region: