The Development of Migrant Villages under China's Rapid Urbanization: Implications for Poverty and Slum Policies

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With rising social inequality in China, housing insecurity in informal migrant settlements known as chengzhongcun (urban villages) became a significant issue. In the suburbs of Beijing, former villages are turned into migrants' production sites; in the peri-urban areas of Shanghai, co-renting in the same room has become highly controversial; in Guangzhou, urban villages are becoming a 'thriving' world of their own, lacking basic infrastructure.

Are these migrant settlements slums? According to the operational definition by UN-HABITAT, these settlements can indeed be viewed as slums. How different are they from slums in other developing countries?

The project investigates the dynamics of migrant village formation, examine redevelopment practices and policies, and to identify the scope for progressive upgrading as an alternative approach. The project samples 15 migrant villages in three major cities (Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou) in China and applies qualitative and quantitative methods to identify the housing tenure, socioeconomic profiles, landlords' self construction tactics, migrants' coping strategies, and existing and new institutions as appropriate vehicles for in-situ redevelopment.

The project aims to inform Chinese policy makers and provide learning feedback to the wider international development community, offering new experiences in coping with the 'challenge of slums'.

 

Primary theme: 
Grant Reference: 
ES/H033025/1
RES-167-25-0448
Project Status: 
Closed
Grant Category: 
Research Grant
Lead Organisation Department: 
Cardiff School of Planning and Geography
Fund Start Date: 
Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Fund End Date: 
Sunday, September 30, 2012
Fund Currency Code: 
GBP
Fund Value: 
266904
Chinese-low-income-neighbourhoods
Chinese-migrant-villages
coping-strategies
dwellings
formal-and-informal-housing
governance
government-management
housing-policies
informal-settlements
informal-urbanization
land-governance
land-management
land-property-rights
land-tenure-system
livelihoods
migrant-housing
migration
networks-and-relations
peri-urban-areas
rural-migrants
service-conditions
slum-dwellers
Slum-population
slum-redevelopment
urban-development
urban-labour-market
urban-poverty
urban-villages
urbanization
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