Blog: Universal Health Coverage - where did we get lost?
The global community has established a shared and widely accepted vision on the importance and significance of global goals, such as the SDGs and Universal Health Coverage (UHC). However, the contextual significance of achieving these goals and objectives varies depending on the context.
Principal Investigator: Sam Hickey. Lead Organisation: University of Manchester
 
Co-investigator: Giles Marcus Mohan
 
A major challenge for achieving poverty reduction is that the capacity of states to deliver development is in short supply, particularly in Africa.
Contemporary political volatility within the Middle East region has led to far reaching socio-economic upheaval and strife with a devastating impact generating mass displacement of Iraqi, Palestinian, and Syrian refugees to Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey (UNCHR, 2014). In their host nations, these displaced communities seek to reconstruct their lives in a context of loss, poverty, violence and devastation (Kuttab, 2008; Chatty, 2010).
Schoolgirl in Madhya Pradesh, India
Principal Investigator: Karthik Muralidharan. Lead Organisation: Institute for Financial Management and Research
 
Co-investigator: Abhijeet Singh
 
We propose to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of one of the most ambitious recent attempts by a developing country government to improve education governance at scale.

An intensive resilience policy-making process is currently underway in Nepal, a country with a recent history of conflict and disaster that also faces future risks resulting from environmental change. This ground-breaking project will utilise a participatory video (PV) approach to create new and potentially challenging interventions in that process, whilst simultaneously developing methods and approaches that could have broader applicability. 

Schoolchildren from Thamel, Kathmandu
The project will investigate how the accountability of schools differs according the school management model and whether accountability is linked to differences in learning outcomes. Recently, a great deal of attention from international development donors has focused on new models of school management (e.g.
Outdoor classes in Afghanistan

Disadvantaged children in Low Income Countries (LICs) particularly children with disabilities are increasingly accessing schools, but not learning effectively due to social exclusion within the classroom and poor teaching methods, that perpetuate inequality.

Students at the Cestos High School, Liberia.
Liberia's public education system is moribund. The civil war of 1999-2003 and the Ebola epidemic of 2014 have left the Ministry of Education with little capacity to run a national school system. An effort to clean thousands of ghost teachers from Ministry payrolls was cut short (New York Times, 2016), and while systematic data is scarce, teacher absenteeism appears common (Mulkeen, 2009).
Schoolchildren in Imadol, Nepal.
Principal Investigator: Dirgha Ghimire. Lead Organisation: University of Michigan
 
Co-investigators: William Axinn; Brian Rowan
 
We propose to develop and validate measures of accountability to be shared with the Nepal Ministry of Education (MOE) and to use those measures in an analysis of the determinants of accountability and its association with students' gains in achievement.

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