Security in development and conflict contexts, including issues such as: local governance, education, religion, and gender.

Rapid changes in the natural, social, and economic environment are occurring in Ethiopia's Lower Omo Valley, as part of a state-led development vision of repositioning the region as a major sugar exporter. At the same time, these changes raise risks of environmental degradation, and the emergence of new kinds of inequality and conflict.

Principal Investigator: Katherine Ann Brickell. Lead Organisation: Royal Holloway, University of London

Co Investigators: Mark Sithirith (CARE Cambodia); Laurie Parsons (Independant Anti-Slavery Comissioner)

Traffic jam, Dhaka, Bangladesh
This project seeks to incorporate migrant perspectives and sources of innovation into urban planning to build safer and more sustainable cities, addressing environmental sustainability, poverty, and conflict and security.
Group photograph of displaced people affected by flooding in Beletweyne, Somalia.

This research project addresses the nexus of poverty, environmental sustainability and conflict in Somalia from the perspective of the most vulnerable in-migrants to cities, people who were internally displaced (IDPs). The interplay between violent conflict and droughts is described as one of the main drivers of internal displacement in Somalia, but rapid in-migration to cities further increases pressures on the urban and rural environment.

In developing countries experiencing high levels of poverty and inequality, getting the balance right between economic development and protection of the natural environment can be a major challenge for policymakers. This project will use an innovative approach known as 'everyday studies': a way of investigating the routine and seemingly mundane.

Principal Investigator: Ana Maria Ibáñez. Lead Organistion: University of the Andes - Colombia

Unrest in Nigeria. Charred vehicle remains after a bomb blast at Terminus market in Jos.
This mixed-methods research aims to bring together key development concerns related to sustainable livelihoods, social vulnerability, and poverty to build an alternative account of 'insecurity and crime' in African cities.
Pastoralists in the Afar Region, Ethiopia
Principal Investigator: Paul Hutchings. Lead Organisation: Cranfield University.
 
Co-Investigators: Barbara C. Van Koppen (International Water Management Institute IWMI); Alison Parker (Cranfield University); Bethel Gebremedhin (International Rescue Committee, IRC)

An intensive resilience policy-making process is currently underway in Nepal, a country with a recent history of conflict and disaster that also faces future risks resulting from environmental change. This ground-breaking project will utilise a participatory video (PV) approach to create new and potentially challenging interventions in that process, whilst simultaneously developing methods and approaches that could have broader applicability. 

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